Irrespective of the place you’re on the gender spectrum, you would possibly select to make use of contraception if there’s an opportunity you would get pregnant and also you don’t wish to.

Not all people who find themselves transgender, nonbinary, or gender expansive select to get gender-affirming care. However some individuals do take hormone remedy as a part of their medical care to assist align their intercourse traits with their gender id. When you do, understand that gender-affirming hormone remedy isn’t made for contraception, so that you shouldn’t depend on it for that function. 

Some individuals may also think about sure kinds of hormonal contraception for different causes. For instance, gender dysphoriamisery when your gender doesn’t match the intercourse assigned to you at start – can worsen in the event you determine as male however have been assigned feminine at start and get your interval. Some contraception choices can reduce or cease your interval.

Contraception just isn’t designed for any explicit gender id. Something that cisgender individuals would possibly select is on the market for everybody. The kind of contraceptive that’s finest for you relies on your scenario. 

“If it’s for a affected person with no different threat components, any choice is on the market,” says Beth Cronin, MD, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Windfall, RI. Issues which will have an effect on your resolution embrace your well being, household planning targets, and what unintended effects you’re keen or capable of reside with.

Contraceptive counseling might help you determine which choice finest matches your targets, says Adam Bonnington, MD, an obstetrician-gynecologist in San Francisco. (Contraceptive is one other phrase for contraception.)


In case your objective is to keep away from being pregnant, you might wish to think about contraception if:

  • You could have ovaries and a uterus, you haven’t gone by way of menopause, and you’ve got vaginal intercourse with somebody who has testicles and a penis. 
  • You could have testicles and a penis, and you’ve got vaginal intercourse with somebody who has ovaries and a uterus who hasn’t been by way of menopause and doesn’t wish to get pregnant.

You and your accomplice could wish to focus on what you every need and what the choices are.

Trans males and nonbinary individuals: When you take testosterone remedy (T) to curb female traits and produce out masculine ones, it would cease your intervals. Some individuals assume which means they’ll’t get pregnant. However whereas a being pregnant for somebody on this scenario is unlikely, it’s not inconceivable, Cronin says.

“We typically counsel sufferers that in the event that they’re on T and are having that kind of intercourse, they may get pregnant and they need to be utilizing contraception,” she says. 

When you take testosterone as a part of your gender-affirming care, and also you wish to get pregnant, you’ll need to cease taking it.

Trans ladies and nonbinary individuals: Some trans ladies and nonbinary individuals take estradiol remedy as a feminizing hormone. That therapy gained’t work as contraception. Neither will hormonal remedy that curbs masculine traits, as a result of it doesn’t utterly cease sperm manufacturing.

When you haven’t had a vasectomy (when a health care provider cuts and seals the tubes that carry sperm) or orchiectomy (surgical procedure to take away the testicles), and you’ve got vaginal intercourse along with your accomplice, ensure that they use contraception in the event that they don’t wish to get pregnant. It’s also possible to use a barrier methodology, resembling a condom, however condoms don’t work in addition to different types of contraception.

Different kinds of hormonal therapies that aren’t contraception strategies embrace:

  • Cyproterone acetate
  • Finasteride
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues

There are a number of kinds of contraception. The kind that’s best for you may not be proper for another person. 

Issues that may have an effect on your selections embrace:

  • How straightforward it’s to make use of
  • Value
  • Doable unintended effects
  • Misconceptions you may have about it
  • Issues that make it laborious to get contraception
  • Discrimination or bias
  • Your relationship along with your physician

Discuss to your physician when you’ve got questions on your choices.


Condoms will assist shield you from sexually transmitted ailments (STDs). However to keep away from being pregnant, you must also use one other type of contraception.

If condoms are the one type of contraception you utilize – and you utilize them completely, each time you may have vaginal intercourse – there’s a couple of 2% probability that you would get pregnant. However most individuals don’t all the time use them appropriately, driving up the chances of getting pregnant to about 13% in the event you’re not utilizing a second type of contraception. 


Intrauterine units (IUDs) are formed like a T. A health care provider inserts an IUD into your uterus for long-term, extremely efficient contraception. It’s a fast course of, however you’ll wish to be sure you’re snug with that.

There are 5 kinds of IUDs permitted within the U.S. 4 of them launch very small quantities of the hormone progestin, which won’t trigger any feminizing results. The fifth kind is a nonhormonal copper intrauterine gadget (you would possibly hear these referred to as Cu-IUDs). 

Uncomfortable side effects can embrace vaginal recognizing (the place there’s solely a bit little bit of blood) and bleeding. Some individuals additionally get cramps associated to their IUD. However most individuals keep on with the IUDs, in keeping with a 2021 research printed within the Journal of Midwifery and Girls’s Well being. That research was primarily based on a survey of 105 trans males and gender numerous individuals with IUDs who had been assigned feminine at start. The IUDs have been “effectively tolerated,” the researchers wrote, with few individuals searching for to take away them due to unintended effects. 

Progesterone-only strategies

Progesterone is a hormone that your physique makes. Progestin is an artificial model of it. 

Progesterone-only strategies of contraception embrace some IUDs (levonorgestrel intrauterine techniques), implants, pictures, or capsules. Discuss to your physician about it first. 

Photographs or IUDs might enable you to cease or reduce bleeding out of your vagina. To keep away from bleeding, you might wish to select a way just like the progestin-only implant, IUD, or shot, Bonnington says.

Mixed hormonal contraceptives (CHCs)

Mixed hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) embrace patches, capsules, and the vaginal ring. They comprise estrogen and progestogen. There isn’t sufficient feminizing hormone in these contraceptives to have an effect on testosterone remedy.

When you’ve had prime surgical procedure (surgical procedure to take away breast tissue to create a extra masculine chest), drugs with estrogen – resembling contraception capsules, patches, or the ring – would possibly make your breasts really feel tender or sore. “Some individuals word some bloating and issues like that, however it’s actually going to depend upon the particular person,” Cronin says.

Extra everlasting choices

There are additionally extra everlasting types of contraception. Both accomplice can get a vasectomy or tubal ligation (surgical procedure to chop, tie, or block the fallopian tubes). Each procedures will assist stop conception.

Many transgender and nonbinary individuals say they’ve been discriminated in opposition to or in any other case not handled respectfully in well being care settings.

Typically one of the simplest ways to seek out LGBTQ-friendly suppliers is thru phrase of mouth from household or buddies, Cronin says. Native LGBTQ organizations typically have an inventory of suppliers they refer individuals to, Bonnington says.

Indicators the supplier is LGBTQ-friendly can embrace:

  • A posted signal with nondiscrimination insurance policies that embrace gender id and expression protections
  • A ready room with instructional brochures, magazines, or posters about transgender well being
  • A toilet labeled for all-gender use
  • Consumption varieties that ask to your right title, pronouns, gender id, and intercourse assigned at start
  • Suppliers who’ve their pronouns on their title badges

Nonetheless, he says, these aren’t ensures {that a} supplier or clinic is LGBTQ-friendly.



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